✯✯✯ Charcot Marie Tooth Disease Essay

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Charcot Marie Tooth Disease Essay



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Workers are more likely to wear hearing protector devices when they are properly fitted. Often interventions to prevent noise-induced hearing loss have many components. A Cochrane review found that stricter legislation might reduce noise levels. Ear protection, if used correctly, can reduce noise to safer levels, but often, providing them is not sufficient to prevent hearing loss. Engineering noise out and other solutions such as proper maintenance of equipment can lead to noise reduction, but further field studies on resulting noise exposures following such interventions are needed. Other possible solutions include improved enforcement of existing legislation and better implementation of well-designed prevention programmes, which have not yet been proven conclusively to be effective.

The conclusion of the Cochrane Review was that further research could modify what is now regarding the effectiveness of the evaluated interventions. The Institute for Occupational Safety and Health of the German Social Accident Insurance has created a hearing impairment calculator based on the ISO model for studying threshold shift in relatively homogeneous groups of people, such as workers with the same type of job.

The ISO model estimates how much hearing impairment in a group can be ascribed to age and noise exposure. The result is calculated via an algebraic equation that uses the A-weighted sound exposure level, how many years the people were exposed to this noise, how old the people are, and their sex. The American Academy of Pediatrics advises that children should have their hearing tested several times throughout their schooling: [54]. While the American College of Physicians indicated that there is not enough evidence to determine the utility of screening in adults over 50 years old who do not have any symptoms, [] the American Language, Speech Pathology and Hearing Association recommends that adults should be screened at least every decade through age 50 and at 3-year intervals thereafter, to minimize the detrimental effects of the untreated condition on quality of life.

Management depends on the specific cause if known as well as the extent, type and configuration of the hearing loss. Sudden hearing loss due to and underlying nerve problem may be treated with corticosteroids. Most hearing loss, that resulting from age and noise, is progressive and irreversible, and there are currently no approved or recommended treatments.

A few specific kinds of hearing loss are amenable to surgical treatment. In other cases, treatment is addressed to underlying pathologies, but any hearing loss incurred may be permanent. Some management options include hearing aids , cochlear implants , assistive technology , and closed captioning. Hearing aid applications are one of the options for hearing loss management. Hearing loss increases with age. A report by the World Health Organization estimated the costs of unaddressed hearing loss and the cost-effectiveness of interventions, for the health-care sector, for the education sector and as broad societal costs.

It examines health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Data from the United States in found that rates of hearing loss has declined among adults aged 20 to 69 years, when compared with the results from an earlier time period It also found that adult hearing loss is associated with increasing age, sex, ethnicity, educational level, and noise exposure.

Almost one in four adults who reported excellent or good hearing had a similar pattern 5. Among people who reported exposure to loud noise at work, almost one third had such changes. People with extreme hearing loss may communicate through sign languages. Sign languages convey meaning through manual communication and body language instead of acoustically conveyed sound patterns. This involves the simultaneous combination of hand shapes, orientation and movement of the hands, arms or body, and facial expressions to express a speaker's thoughts.

Deaf culture refers to a tight-knit cultural group of people whose primary language is signed, and who practice social and cultural norms which are distinct from those of the surrounding hearing community. This community does not automatically include all those who are clinically or legally deaf, nor does it exclude every hearing person. It includes the set of social beliefs, behaviors, art, literary traditions, history, values, and shared institutions of communities that are influenced by deafness and which use sign languages as the main means of communication.

When used as a label for the audiological condition, it is written with a lower case d. There also multiple educational institutions for both deaf and Deaf people, that usually use sign language as the main language of instruction. A study achieved successful regrowth of cochlea cells in guinea pigs. A study has shown that gene therapy targeting Atoh1 can cause hair cell growth and attract neuronal processes in embryonic mice. Some hope that a similar treatment will one day ameliorate hearing loss in humans. Recent research, reported in achieved growth of cochlear nerve cells resulting in hearing improvements in gerbils, [] using stem cells. Also reported in was regrowth of hair cells in deaf adult mice using a drug intervention resulting in hearing improvement.

Researchers reported in that genetically deaf mice which were treated with TMC1 gene therapy recovered some of their hearing. Besides research studies seeking to improve hearing, such as the ones listed above, research studies on the deaf have also been carried out in order to understand more about audition. Pijil and Shwarz conducted their study on the deaf who lost their hearing later in life and, hence, used cochlear implants to hear. They discovered further evidence for rate coding of pitch, a system that codes for information for frequencies by the rate that neurons fire in the auditory system, especially for lower frequencies as they are coded by the frequencies that neurons fire from the basilar membrane in a synchronous manner.

Their results showed that the subjects could identify different pitches that were proportional to the frequency stimulated by a single electrode. The lower frequencies were detected when the basilar membrane was stimulated, providing even further evidence for rate coding. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Profound hearing loss. Partial or total inability to hear. This article is about the medical aspects of hearing loss.

For the cultural aspects, see Deaf culture. Medical condition. See also: Absolute threshold of hearing and Hearing range. Further information: Equal-loudness contour and A-weighting. Main article: Causes of hearing loss. Play media. Main article: Diagnosis of hearing loss. Main article: Management of hearing loss. Main articles: Social impact of profound hearing loss and Deaf culture. March Archived from the original on 16 May Retrieved 23 May GeneReviews [Internet].

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Ear and Hearing. Ballantyne's Deafness 7th ed. Archived PDF from the original on 6 March These can be prevented through immunization and good hygiene practices. Improved maternal and child health practices would help to prevent these complications. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 13 July The Gerontologist. El Dib RP ed. Retracted, see doi : Archived from the original on July 9, Rich with personal stories and inspirational quotes, and sprinkled with a few easy vegan recipes, Feeding the Soul is a book to share--and to return to when you want to feel seen, loved, and heard.

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